An Assessment of Undergraduate Student Interest in Poultry Science
Keywords:poultry, student interest, undergraduate
Poultry production is an important and vital animal agriculture enterprise. The significant economic footprint of the poultry industry coupled with ever-increasing technological and production volume requirements predicates the need for well-qualified, trained employees to help carry the American poultry industry forward. Through the preparation of university-level agricultural degree program graduates lies an opportunity to help address this need. Undergirded by human capital theory (HCT), the purpose of our study was to assess undergraduate agricultural students’ poultry science interest at a non-land-grant college of agriculture (NLGCA). We used a valid and reliable, paper-based survey instrument to collect data from 137 undergraduate agricultural students at [UNIVERSITY]. We found that the majority of respondents were not interested in either poultry science academic programming or a career in the poultry industry. However, we did find that the majority of respondents were interested in completing summer semester internships in the poultry industry and that prior experience working in the poultry industry was a statistically significant predictor of students’ interest in careers in the poultry industry. Based on our findings, we recommend that poultry industry stakeholders (e.g., university faculty, industry representatives) strategically engage undergraduate students to recruit them into the poultry science pipeline.
Altman, D. G. (1991). Statistics in medical journals: Developments in the 1980s. Statistics in Medicine, 10(12), 1897-1913. https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.4780101206
Andenoro, A. C., Baker, M., Stedman, N. L. P., & Weeks, P. P. (2016). Research priority 7: Addressing complex problems. In T. G. Roberts, A. Harder, & M. T. Brashears. (Eds.), American Association for Agricultural Education national research agenda: 2016-2020. Gainesville, FL: Department of Agricultural Education and Communication.
Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Sorensen, C. K., & Walker, D. A. (2014). Introduction to research in education (9th ed.). Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Becker, G. S. (1993). Human capital: A theoretical and empirical analysis with special
reference to education (3rd ed.). The University of Chicago Press.
Borges, B., Johnson, D. M., Shoulders, C. W., & Fields, D. (2019). Student interest in a professional row-crop farm management academic program. NACTA Journal, 63(2), 221-224. https://nactateachers.org/attachments/article/2862/22%20NACTA%20Journal%20MS2019_0020.pdf
De Vries, H., Elliott, M. N., Kanouse, D. E., & Teleki, S. S. (2008). Using pooled kappa to summarize interrater agreement across many items. Field Methods, 20(3), 272-282. https://doi.org/10.1177/1525822X08317166
Dillman, D. A., Smyth, J. D., & Christian, L. M. (2014). Internet, phone, mail, and mixed-mode surveys: The tailored design method (4th ed.). John Wiley & Sons.
Doss, W., Rayfield, J., Lawver, D., & Burris, S. (2022). Determining the effects of response mode and incentives on survey response rates of school-based agricultural education teachers: An experimental study. Journal of Agricultural Education, 63(4), 151-167. https://doi.org/10.5032/jae.2022.04151
Fleiss, J. L., Levin, B., & Paik, M. C. (2003). Statistical methods for rates and proportions (3rd ed.). Wiley, Hoboken. https://doi.org/10.1002/0471445428
Kleyn, F. J., & Ciacciariello, M. (2021). Future demands of the poultry industry: Will we meet our commitments sustainably in developed and developing economies? World’s Poultry Science Journal, 77(2), 267-278. https://doi.org/10.1080/00439339.2021.1904314
Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30(3), 607-610. https://doi.org/ 10.1177/001316447003000308
Lindner, J. R., Murphy, T. H., & Briers, G. E. (2001). Handling nonresponse in social science research. Journal of Agricultural Education, 42(4), 43-53. https://doi.org/10.5032/jae.2001.04043
Mottet, A., & Tempio, G. (2017). Global poultry production: Current state and future outlook and challenges. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 73(2), 245-256. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933917000071
National Chicken Council. (2021). Poultry industry statistics and facts. https://www.nationalchickencouncil.org/industry/statistics/
United Nations. (n.d.). Global issues: Population. https://www.un.org/en/global-issues/population#:~:text=Our%20growing%20population&text=The%20world's%20population%20is%20expected,billion%20in%20the%20mid%2D2080s
United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service. (2022, June 13). Poultry sector at a glance. https://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/animal-products/poultry-eggs/sector-at-a-glance/
United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service. (2022, April 28a). Broilers: Inventory by head, US. https://www.nass.usda.gov/Charts_and_Maps/Poultry/brlmap.php
United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service. (2022, April 28b). Poultry - Production and value 2021 summary. https://www.uspoultry.org/economic-data/docs/broiler-production-and-value-2021.pdf
United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service. (2022, April 28c). Turkeys: Number raised by state, US. https://www.nass.usda.gov/Charts_and_Maps/Poultry/tkymap.php